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Goddess of the Sun and Moon reading comprehension quiz

  • Reading and understanding Goddess of the Sun and Moon – topic 1
  • Reading and understanding Goddess of the Sun and Moon – topic 2

The goddess of the sun and moon is one of the myths in the treasure of Vietnamese folklore. The story tells the story of two sisters Sun and Moon through which the ancients wanted to explain natural phenomena related to the Moon and the Sun. In this article, Thoidaihaitac would like to share with readers a set of reading comprehension questions for the Goddess of the Sun and Moon to help them gain more knowledge when encountering multiple choice questions about the mythology of the Goddess of the Sun and Moon.

  • Analysis and evaluation of the work Goddess of the Sun and Moon

Reading and understanding Goddess of the Sun and Moon – topic 1

I. Reading Comprehension

Goddess of the Sun and the Moon

Goddesses of the Sun and Moon are sisters, children of Heaven. The daily assignment of God is to take turns examining the world. The people carrying the float consisted of two classes, old and young, taking turns. Encountering slow-moving old palanquins, Miss Sun had to sit for a long time, and the days under the ceiling became longer. It was the children’s turn to carry the palanquin and go quickly, when Miss Sun got home early, the day was shorter. Moon sister has a hot temper no less than her sister who works for people on the ground all day long because of her sister’s heat, and at night, she also has to be uncomfortable because of her sister. People lamented coming to God’s house, the new mother took ashes and plastered her face with the Moon. Since then, the younger sister changed her personality to be very gentle, different from her older sister, so she was liked by everyone in the world. Every time she looked down at the ceiling, it was the full moon, her back was thirty, she turned to the right and left, the moon was high or low. Every day when the moon is halo, the ash stains appear. It is said that the husband of the sun and moon goddesses is a bear. Every time the bear comes to his wife, there is a lunar eclipse or a solar eclipse, at which time people in the ceiling make noises beating drums, banging gongs, knocking beaks, to keep the bear far away, because the bear walks with his wife, blocking the Sun. , the moon harms the crops.

(Goddess of the Sun and Moon – Vietnamese Mythology The GioiCoTich. Vn)

Read the text above and do the following:

Question 1. Point out the words indicating time and space in the story?

Question 2. In the text, what work did the goddesses of the sun and moon be assigned by heaven? Describe the general content of the story of the Goddess of the Sun and the Moon.

Question 3. Can you point out the signs that help you realize that the Goddess of the Sun and Moon is a myth?

Question 4. The event “Humans lamented coming to Heaven’s house, the new mother took ashes and plastered her face with the Moon” was created by the folk author to explain what?

Question 5. The image of the Sun and Moon goddesses reflects what concept and perception of the ancients about the natural world?

Question 6. What is the message that the ancients sent through this story?

II. WRITING SECTION (4.0 points)

From the material in the Reading Comprehension section, please write an argumentative essay that analyzes and evaluates the story of the Goddess of the Sun and the Moon.

Answer

Question 1.

– Time: daily, all day, night

– Location: under the ceiling, the world

Verse 2.

– Assignment: consider the world

– The content is about the work of the Moon and the Sun, explaining the phenomenon of life.

Verse 3.

– Talk about the god

– Use many elements of fantasy and myth.

– Explain the phenomenon in life.

Verse 4.

– Aiming to explain this phenomenon shows that the Moon appears at all times of the day, but only at night, when the moon is full, waning, low, and high, all depend on the Moon turning its face or back, turn left or right.

Question 5.

Perceive the worldview of nature to know the time, know the date.

Verse 6.

– Know the process of creating phenomena of life.

II. Discourse analyzing and evaluating the story of Goddess of the Sun and Moon

Surely each of us will be attracted by mythical stories with elements of fantasy and myth. But folk authors do not compose such stories to tell each other fun, but it also partly explains the phenomena of our life.

The Sun and the Moon are the two daughters of the Jade Emperor who always take turns to consider everything. The sun goes by palanquin and is divided into old and young groups, so the return time is different. The Moon has a more fiery temper, so the heat harms all things. Moreover, she was also very fragile, so she was punished. After that, because the face was covered with sand, it was no longer as hot as before and the temperament became more gentle. This shows that before when the world was just created, the weather was so hot that no one liked the sun or the moon. So when the Moon got sand on her face, her personality was much more gentle.

The phenomenon of life on the days of the full moon, waning moon, lower and upper lunar days is also better understood through the story. It depends on the personality of the Moon lady. Maybe when we come down to the earth happily, we will see all the full moon, but when we turn our backs on the moon, it will be much less.

Through the story, it helps the younger generations to explain their questions about the world around, about the origin of people, about natural phenomena in daily life and things around life. live us. At the same time, myths also help the younger generation understand that in the primitive world, people envisioned the universe and the world like.

Reading and understanding Goddess of the Sun and Moon – topic 2

Read the text below and answer the questions:

Goddess of the Sun and the Moon

(Vietnamese mythology)

The Sun and Moon sisters seem to be the daughters of the Jade Emperor. Their duties are to take turns checking the civilian population every day. Sun’s sister was allowed to sit in a palanquin carried by four people. Among those carrying the palanquin were two groups: one old and one young. The children’s nature is always wandering along the road, so when it is their turn to carry the palanquin, Miss Sun often returns late, and the days in the underworld become longer. On the contrary, when it was the turn of the old people carrying the palanquin, they took care of fulfilling their duties without thinking of other things, so the goddess could go quickly, the days were shorter. The old Moon lady heard that her temper was somewhat hot. more than my sister. She did not know that the people of the earth agonized over her harsh personality. That later came at Ngoc Hoang. The mother had to plaster the goddess once in the face. Since then, her personality has become gentle, gentle, and everyone in the world likes it. It is said that every time she looks down at the world, it is the full moon, when she turns her back, it means the thirtieth, the first day, she turns to the right, to the left, that is the period of the high or low moon. When the moon has a halo, it is when the ashes of the previous day show dust.

About Miss Moon, there is a slightly different story. As we all know, the extremely hot Miss Moon has done a lot of harm to people as well as things. But she is still subjective, preferring to swoop down to the world to watch people do business. You know, every time you swoop down, the people panic. They cursed her endlessly, hoping that she would cover her face and go away for them to be miserable. At that time, among the people, there was a man named Quai, with a large body and excellent health. He is determined to treat Miss Moon a batch. So he climbed a high mountain and stood there.

That day, Miss Moon kept the old habit of swooping down to look at things. Mr. Quai waited for her to come close to grab the sand and slap the dust bag in her face. He threw it until the hot weather suddenly calmed down. The people below the mountain cheered and overjoyed. As for Miss Moon, she was suddenly thrown into darkness, quickly moved away, and since then she did not dare to swoop down. Since then, her face was covered with sand, so she was close to the lower world. Since then, her face has been covered with sand, so it’s not as bright as before…

(Skip the last paragraph about the husband of the two goddesses (who is a Bear) and explain the phenomena of solar and lunar eclipses.)

(According to Nguyen Dong Chi, A Brief Review of Vietnamese Mythology, National Center for Social Sciences and Humanities, Social Science Publishing House, Hanoi, 2003)

1. The story told in the above text takes place, at what time? Why do you know?

2. What signs help you identify the Goddess of the Sun and Moon as a mythical text?

3. Through the story, what natural phenomena did the ancients want to explain? What do you think about that explanation?

4. Comment on the overall content of the story of the Goddess of the Sun and the Moon. What message did the ancients want to convey through this story?

5. Through the story of God Pillar of Heaven and Goddess of the Sun and Moon, what do you think about the perception and interpretation of the world origin of the ancient Vietnamese?

6. In your opinion, are mythical stories like God Pillar of Heaven and Goddess of the Sun and Moon still valid for today’s young generation?

7. Through the myths you have studied and the stories of the Goddess of the Sun and Moon, what do you think should be paid attention to when learning about the mythological genre?

Answer:

Question 1.

The story takes place in: below Earth, every day

Verse 2.

– First of all, you need to review the concept of myth and the characteristics of mythology through the basic elements of this genre such as space, time, plot, characters change when the characters change.

– Next, you match the concept as well as the characteristics of the myth through the above elements with their expression in the text to come to a conclusion.

– When presenting the telltale signs of mythical texts, you need to present representative evidence taken from the text.

Verse 3.

With the first requirement, you need to read carefully the text of the Goddess of the Sun and Moon story to find out what natural phenomena the ancients wanted to explain. With the second request, you give your comments on that explanation. When making comments, you need to pay attention to the characteristics of the times when the myths are demanded, put yourself in that context to make objective judgments and comments, avoiding scientific thinking and human logic. modern times to judge.

Verse 4.

The Sun and the Moon are the two daughters of the Jade Emperor who always take turns to consider everything. The sun goes by palanquin and is divided into old and young groups, so the return time is different. The Moon has a more fiery temper, so the heat harms all things. In addition, she was also very fragile, so she was punished by Guo. After that, because the face was covered with sand, it was no longer as hot as before and the temperament became more gentle.

Question 5.

a. Myth is a form of spiritual culture born in primitive societies, on the basis of the following epistemological premises:

The concept of animistic things, the cult of things, the concept of totem – stamps, the concept of all things interacting.

Primitive man has a tendency to express the abstract with the sensible, the concrete, because he is underdeveloped in terms of abstraction.

Primitive man has conception and practice of magic Because primitive thinking has not yet developed the ability to distinguish, primitive man has not yet distinguished between subjective and objective, material and spiritual…

b. The above thinking characteristics constitute mythological thinking. Mythical thinking is concretized into mythological conceptions and stories

c. The ancients believed in events recounted in myths and often associated mythological performances with ritual forms (forms of religious practices).

Verse 6.

Myths such as the God Pillar and the Goddess of the Sun and Moon are still valid for today’s young generation.

Verse 7. Pay attention to:

The plot of Vietnamese mythology is generally simple, with few details. That is why some people think that Vietnamese mythology has not yet taken the complete form of the story. A small number of relatively long, detailed mythological works are stories that have been legendary (Son Tinh – Thuy Tinh).

The main character in mythology is a god. Gods in mythology are associated with the concept that everything has a soul, so it is different from the god of religion. Gods are called by different names such as: Mr., Mrs., god, elf, heaven… Gods in myths are different in function and job.

Please refer to other useful information in the Class 10 group in the Learning section of Thoidaihaitac.vn.

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